By Robert Liddiard
Книга Anglo-Norman Castles Anglo-Norman Castles Книги Дизайн Автор: Robert Liddiard Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Boydell Press Страниц: 432 Размер: 12 MB ISBN: 0851159044 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:The castles of the 11th and 12th centuries stay one of the such a lot obvious symbols of the Anglo-Norman global. This assortment brings jointly for the 1st time one of the most major articles in citadel stories, with contributions from specialists in historical past, archaeology and historical constructions.
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Additional resources for Anglo-Norman Castles
39–58 and note 52, above. For historical context of the Norman settlement see J. Green, The Aristocracy of Norman England (Cambridge, 1997) chapter 2 and Williams, English, Chapters 1–2. The tenurial effects of 1066 remain a matter of dispute, R. Fleming, Kings and Lords in Conquest England (Cambridge, 1991). 12 ANGLO-NORMAN CASTLES changing numbers, Lawrence Butler, in a case study of the Honour of Richmond, examines the social, geographical and tenurial factors that shaped castle-building at a local level.
In his seminal article ‘Royal Castle Building in England 1154–1216’, R. Allen Brown examines the extent and nature of castle construction in England under the Angevin kings. By utilizing the records of central government (chiefly the Pipe Rolls) he is able to build up a remarkable picture of royal expenditure on castles over the period. This took the form of a ‘large-scale and practically continuous building programme’ both of new fortifications and the modification of existing sites. What still resonates from his figures is the sheer cost of castle construction and maintenance during the twelfth century.
R. Hart, Early Charters of Eastern England , Leicester 1966 (henceforth Hart, Charters of Eastern England ), 238. For the use of curia, in the sense of enclosure, see the case of Shalford discussed below. The customs of Oxford (below) speak of breaking into a man’s domus vel curia. For Swein Swart, see LDB fos 78v, 91. He is not distinguished by his bye-name in the entry for Aveley (LDB fo 84v) and Swein is, of course, a common name but his tenure of Leyton, associated with Azur Swart, suggests he is the Swein who held Aveley, which preserves the name of Azur Swart’s wife.
Anglo-Norman Castles by Robert Liddiard