ISBN-10: 1849201811

ISBN-13: 9781849201810

An creation to Systematic Reviews presents a brief, available and technically up to date booklet masking the whole breadth of methods to experiences from statistical meta research to meta ethnography. The content material is split into 5 major sections masking: ways to reviewing; getting all started; accumulating and describing examine; appraising and synthesizing info; and utilizing studies and types of study use.

As systematic stories develop into incorporated in lots of extra graduate-level classes this e-book solutions the becoming call for for a common consultant.

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Towards the end of the second millennium the growing enthusiasm for a more participatory approach to developing services was applied to research and ‘evidence-informed decision-making’. These two movements provided the setting that encouraged researchers to draw on the perspectives of policy, professional practice and service use so as to develop a more applied social science. When they recognise that their own perspectives may be limited, systematic reviewers can invite people who will, between them, bring a range of priorities, knowledge and types of expertise to guide the conduct of their review work.

No examples of Type G approaches to systematic reviews are known to the authors. 2). Here researchers are brought into a review by people who hold some other kind of stake in the review topic (see for example, Garcia et al. 2006; Sakala and Mayberry 2006). Most frequently, stakeholders are consulted individually (Type D). This might be for their comments on draft protocols (see Chapter 1) or reports, which are an extension of the conventional scientific peer review process. An alternative approach to consultation is the use of focus groups or interviews with stakeholders to develop understanding about a topic or to seek comments or suggestions.

Technical expertise is required to formulate research questions, plan the review’s methods and manage the project (see Chapter 4). Reviewers can benefit from the input of other experts who have not necessarily undertaken formal study. This expertise may come from knowing a very different job that is, nevertheless, relevant to the topic focus of the systematic review, or from having experience of using a product or a service that is the focus of the review. Pawson et al. 3). 3 Types of knowledge Types of knowledge include: •• organisational knowledge – accrued from an organisation’s collective experience of governance, regulation and other operations of services; •• practitioner knowledge – based on professional skills, experience and craft knowledge; •• user knowledge – gained from first-hand experience of, and reflection on, services; •• research knowledge – derived from systematic enquiry; •• policy community knowledge – knowledge about the organisation and implementation of services that exists in the broader policy community of ministries, civil service, think tanks and agencies.

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An Introduction to Systematic Reviews


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