By George O'Brien
Книга An Essay at the fiscal results of the Reformation An Essay at the monetary results of the ReformationКниги Экономика Автор: George O'Brien Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Ihs Press Страниц: 176 Размер: 2,9 ISBN: 0971828628 Язык: Английский 34 (голосов: 1) Оценка:This paintings deals a special viewpoint at the upward thrust of capitalism and socialism and the impression of the Reformation. particular issues contain outcomes of trust within the inner most judgment of scriptures; separation of religious and secular lifestyles; distinction among Lutheran and Calvinist teachings on economics; the Calvinist thought of vocation; its conception of fabric luck as an indication of divine election; its compliment of frugality and disdain for good looks. additionally coated is socialism as a response to excesses of capitalism; the style within which Protestantism had bolstered secular authority; diminuation of charity towards the bad following Reformation; materialism underlying socialism abetted through Protestant emphasis on earthly prosperity; egalitarian principles traceable to Protestantism; and the convenience with which socialism combined into Protestant suggestion. it is a special paintings of monetary philosophy in that it examines the ideological motives of the industrial alterations of the interval, hence supplying a clean philosophical standpoint instead of in basic terms the mathematical or statistical facets of the query.
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The subject is relevant, however, insofar as it helps to confirm the view we have expressed about the necessary moral tendencies of the Reformation. If we are endeavouring to prove that certain religious changes tend to lower the general moral tone of a community and to weaken the respect with which the law is regarded and the sanctions by which it is enforced, it is surely admissible to point to the fact that these moral consequences have actually accompanied such changes. It is purely with this object in view that we refer to the unsatisfactory moral condition of the reformed communities, and we shall confine our reference to the narrowest limit.
In one place he states that: “Our people are seven times more scandalous than others have ever been up to this. ”81 Another of Luther’s statements was, that, “We now see the people becoming more infamous, more avaricious, more merciless, more unchaste, and in every way worse than they were under the papacy”; and again, “That we are now so lazy and cold in the performance of good works is due to our no longer regarding them as a means of justification. We teach that we attain to God’s grace without any works on our part.
The justifying faith of the Catholic teaching is positive, not a mere blind confidence. It is true that charity is itself a fruit of faith, but faith justifies only when this fruit has been brought forth. The justifying faith of the reformers, on the other hand, consists merely of the recognition of Christian revelation, and of confidence in the saving merits of Christ. The reformers allow that the possession of this faith will produce charity and good works, but they insist that the latter cannot play any part in the process of justification.
An Essay on the Economic Effects of the Reformation by George O'Brien