By Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse
Greater than 40 years in the past it used to be tested that the African continent will be divided into 4 targeted language households. learn on African languages has as a result been preoccupied with reconstructing and knowing similarities throughout those households. This has intended that an curiosity in other forms of linguistic courting, reminiscent of no matter if structural similarities and dissimilarities between African languages are the results of touch among those languages, hasn't ever been the topic of significant examine. This ebook indicates that such similarities throughout African languages are extra universal than is generally believed. It presents a wide standpoint on Africa as a linguistic quarter, in addition to an research of particular linguistic areas. with a purpose to have a greater realizing of African languages, their constructions, and their background, additional information on those contact-induced relationships is vital to knowing Africa's linguistic geography, and to reconstructing its heritage and prehistory.
Read Online or Download A linguistic geography of Africa PDF
Best geography books
With no risking lifestyles or limb, readers can discover the wonders and sweetness of the Amazon during this the place Is. .. ? title.
Human beings have inhabited the banks of the Amazon River seeing that 13,000 BC and but they make up only a small percent of the "population" of this geographic wonderland. The Amazon River basin teems with life—animal and plant alike. It's a rainforest that's domestic to an predicted 390 billion person timber, 2. five million species of bugs, and countless numbers of wonderful creatures and crops which may both healing ailments, or, just like the poison dart frog, kill with a unmarried contact. the place Is the Amazon? finds the fantastic scale of a unmarried rainforest that we're nonetheless attempting to comprehend this day and that, in lots of methods, helps our life in this planet.
We took this ebook with us to our final journey to England and it used to be beneficial!
Frommer's moveable courses provide the entire specific details and insider suggestion of a Frommer's whole advisor — yet in a concise, pocket-sized structure. excellent for the temporary visitor who insists on price and does not are looking to go through or hold a giant guidebook, this sequence selects the superior offerings in all expense different types and takes you directly to the pinnacle points of interest.
In a globalized marketplace the place the rising team will more and more shuttle inside of their international locations and overseas for paintings possibilities, it truly is worthwhile to profit concerning the foreign schooling method and practices, to evaluate the contest. for instance, annual comparability of pupil functionality is measured throughout math and technology matters globally.
- The Lenape stone; or, The Indian and the mammoth
- Frommer's Scotland, Eleventh Edition
- Interpreting Land Records
- Origins of Biogeography: The role of biological classification in early plant and animal geography
Additional info for A linguistic geography of Africa
A major finding presented in chapter 3 concerns the areal subgrouping of Africa: the authors propose to classify the continent on the basis of typologically salient phonological parameters into six zones, which they call the North, Sudanic, East, Rift, Center, and South zones. These areal groupings cut across genetic boundaries, being suggestive of contact processes that characterize the prehistory of Africa. While chapter 2 presents a crude template for identifying African languages and for distinguishing them from languages in other parts of the world, chapter 4 provides an extensive analysis of the main morphological and syntactic characteristics of the languages spoken in Africa, thereby building on the foundations laid in works such as Welmers (1974), Meeussen (1975), or Gregersen (1977).
Boretzky 1983; Holm 1988). In its strongest form this hypothesis maintains that creole languages such as Haitian Creole have the structure of African languages, especially of Fon (Fongbe), with a European superstrate grafted on (see especially Lefebvre 1998). 3). To offer a diachronic interpretation of the results presented would be beyond the scope of this chapter. 2). In that paper he argued that labial-velar stops (our property 1) originated in Niger-Congo and then diffused into Chadic and Central Sudanic languages, and he suggested that comparatives based on the Action Schema (our property 10) are of Niger-Congo origin (1983: 15).
Meeussen 1975: 3) The following example from the Kuliak language So may illustrate the goosefile model, where an item to be located is conceptualized not as facing the speaker but rather as facing the same direction as the speaker. at people behindABL ‘There are people in front of the hill’ so´G hill There is another conceptualization strategy that has been proposed as an Africanism (Meeussen 1975), being one manifestation of what is usually called the inclusive or inclusory construction, which is used in reference to a plural that refers to a set of individuals and includes two explicit constituents.
A linguistic geography of Africa by Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse