By Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse


ISBN-13: 1397805218761

ISBN-10: 0521876117

ISBN-13: 9780521876117

Greater than 40 years in the past it used to be tested that the African continent will be divided into 4 targeted language households. learn on African languages has as a result been preoccupied with reconstructing and knowing similarities throughout those households. This has intended that an curiosity in other forms of linguistic courting, reminiscent of no matter if structural similarities and dissimilarities between African languages are the results of touch among those languages, hasn't ever been the topic of significant examine. This ebook indicates that such similarities throughout African languages are extra universal than is generally believed. It presents a wide standpoint on Africa as a linguistic quarter, in addition to an research of particular linguistic areas. with a purpose to have a greater realizing of African languages, their constructions, and their background, additional information on those contact-induced relationships is vital to knowing Africa's linguistic geography, and to reconstructing its heritage and prehistory.

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A major finding presented in chapter 3 concerns the areal subgrouping of Africa: the authors propose to classify the continent on the basis of typologically salient phonological parameters into six zones, which they call the North, Sudanic, East, Rift, Center, and South zones. These areal groupings cut across genetic boundaries, being suggestive of contact processes that characterize the prehistory of Africa. While chapter 2 presents a crude template for identifying African languages and for distinguishing them from languages in other parts of the world, chapter 4 provides an extensive analysis of the main morphological and syntactic characteristics of the languages spoken in Africa, thereby building on the foundations laid in works such as Welmers (1974), Meeussen (1975), or Gregersen (1977).

Boretzky 1983; Holm 1988). In its strongest form this hypothesis maintains that creole languages such as Haitian Creole have the structure of African languages, especially of Fon (Fongbe), with a European superstrate grafted on (see especially Lefebvre 1998). 3). To offer a diachronic interpretation of the results presented would be beyond the scope of this chapter. 2). In that paper he argued that labial-velar stops (our property 1) originated in Niger-Congo and then diffused into Chadic and Central Sudanic languages, and he suggested that comparatives based on the Action Schema (our property 10) are of Niger-Congo origin (1983: 15).

Meeussen 1975: 3) The following example from the Kuliak language So may illustrate the goosefile model, where an item to be located is conceptualized not as facing the speaker but rather as facing the same direction as the speaker. at people behindABL ‘There are people in front of the hill’ so´G hill There is another conceptualization strategy that has been proposed as an Africanism (Meeussen 1975), being one manifestation of what is usually called the inclusive or inclusory construction, which is used in reference to a plural that refers to a set of individuals and includes two explicit constituents.

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A linguistic geography of Africa by Bernd Heine, Derek Nurse

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