By Yitzhak Baer
Original 12 months of publication: 1961
One of the century's nice classics of Jewish historiography, A background of the Jews in Christian Spain lines the commercial, social, felony, and political lifetime of the Spanish Jewish neighborhood from the eleventh-century re-conquest of Iberia from Muslim rule to the expulsion of 1492. the second one quantity of Professor Baer's enormous paintings tells the tragic tale of the dissolution of the good Spanish Jewish group. An strange function of the quantity are the various and infrequently large quotations from medieval Jewish writings by no means earlier than rendered into English. they supply a chance to relish the paintings of the mystics and rationalists, the poets and spiritual disputants of the era.
About the Author
Professor Yitzhak (Fritz) Baer spent a long time learning within the Spanish information. He released hundreds of thousands of files pertaining to the main points of Jewish existence within the Iberian Peninsula and at the courting of the Jews to their Christian rulers and buddies. Later, after settling in what's now Israel as Professor of historical past on the Hebrew college, he wrote his precis of the interval, that's now made on hand in translation from the Hebrew.
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Extra resources for A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume II: from the Fourteenth Century to the Expulsion
When he wished to exhort some of the wealthy men of the congregation, they defied him and ignored his counsel, although some of the notables were his kinsmen, associates, friends and disciples. His fame was great among the Gentiles, and how much the more so in Israel. Among R. Nissim’s most distinguished disciples were R. Hasdai Crescas and R. Isaac b. Sheshet Perfet, both members of very old families in Barcelona which, by 1367, were taking an active part in communal affairs. These protagonists of the religious trend had to fight for their ideals amid an atmosphere of grim political and religious struggle.
R. Isaac b. Sheshet’s responsa on the constitution of the Barcelona aljama indicate that the leaders tried to extend the scope of their jurisdiction by diverse means. Instead of the legal elections under the takkanoth of 1327, they instituted a system which jurists call electio per compromissarios (elections by arbitrators). In essence, all these intrigues reveal the usual symptoms of a corrupt oligarchy. The meek and humble pietists, the poor, and the artisans, who constituted the majority of the Jewish population, could not long reconcile themselves to such a situation.
14 THE ERA O F DECLINE IN ARAGON THE S HEPHERD ’ S CRUSADE AND T HE L EPERS Both the general background and the remote cause of the trials held by the Inquisition can be traced to the persecutions of the Jews of France, which later spread to Spain as well. In the year 1320, a popular visionary gathered under his banner a great rabble known as the Pastorelli (Shepherds) with the object of a crusade against the Moslems of Granada. After murdering many Jews in southern France, particularly in Toulouse, the Shepherds crossed the Pyrenees into Aragon and wiped out the Jewish communities of Jaca and Montclus.
A History of the Jews in Christian Spain, Volume II: from the Fourteenth Century to the Expulsion by Yitzhak Baer