By Pradyot Patnaik

ISBN-10: 0471714585

ISBN-13: 9780471714583

The definitive consultant to the unsafe houses of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their damaging homes, A finished advisor to the detrimental houses of chemicals, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental information exists. hence, it bridges the distance among damaging fabrics and chemistry. commonly up-to-date and increased, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, business solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive elements, overlaying every little thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges detrimental chemical compounds in line with their chemical constructions and sensible teams for simple reference
  • Includes up to date info at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive homes of chemical substances
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the edge publicity limits within the office air for a few substances
  • Features the newest info on commercial solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • Includes a number of tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference

since it presents details that permits people with a chemistry heritage to accomplish checks with no past facts, this entire reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat execs, and others in similar fields.

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Extra resources for A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances

Sample text

The liver, kidney, adipose tissue, and bone are generally the major sites of binding and storage of chemicals. While the liver and kidney manifest high capacity for binding, because of their metabolic and excretory functions, adipose tissue can store lipid-soluble compounds by dissolution in the neutral fats. Many chlorinated pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) are soluble in lipid and remain stored in the adipose tissue. Metal ions, such as lead, cadmium, and strontium, exchange with calcium in the bone and deposit.

The major nephrotoxicants are heavy metals, such as lead, mercury, cadmium, chromium and gold; certain halogenated hydrocarbons, such as chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, bromobenzene, and hexachlorobutadiene; anesthetics, such as acetaminophen and methoxyflurane; antibiotics, such as tetracycline and puromycin, and many organic compounds. The toxic actions of these and others are discussed in Part B of this text. C IMMUNE SYSTEM: IMMUNOTOXICANTS The immune system protects the host against viruses, bacteria, fungus, other foreign organisms and cells, as well as neoplasm.

Anemia Condition in which the hemoglobin level in the blood is below normal. Anesthetic Substance that causes dizziness, drowsiness, and headache leading to loss of consciousness and loss of response to pain. Anorexia Lack or loss of appetite for food. Anoxia Reduction of oxygen in the body tissues below physiologic levels. Anticoagulant An agent that prevents blood clotting. Antidote Substance that is administered to reverse the poisoning effects of a toxicant. Aplasia Lack of development of an organ or tissue.

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A comprehensive guide to the hazardous properties of chemical substances by Pradyot Patnaik

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